COMMUNITY HEALTH NEEDS ASSESSMENT AND HEALTH IMPROVEMENT PLAN (CHNA & HIP) GUIDE
Community Health Needs Assessment and Health Improvement Plan (CHNA & HIP) Guide
The following community health needs assessment and health improvement planning (CHNA & HIP) guide consists of basic steps and tools for community assessment and planning. Key elements include an analysis of community health needs and assets and developing a set of priorities and objectives for taking action. The process requires community participation for making decisions about improving the community’s health and mobilizing support and resources.
These steps are consistent with the assessment and planning requirements in the Public Health Accreditation Board (PHAB) Public Health Standards (Domains 1 and 5) available at www.phaboard.org/accreditation-process/public-health-department-standards-and-measures/ and the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act for tax-exempt hospitals at https://federalregister.gov/a/2014-30525.
However, additional documentation is required to demonstrate compliance with PHAB and IRS requirements. See the documents referenced above for specific documentation requirements.
- Review the IRS 2011 Form 990 Schedule H and 2011 Instructions for Schedule H.
- PPACA Sec. 9007’s community health needs assessment provisions for tax-exempt hospitals.
- Internal Revenue Code concerning CHNA: Section 501(r)(3)
- Community Health Needs Assessments for Charitable Hospitals, Proposed Rule
Principles to Guide a CHNA Process
- Principles to Consider for the Implementation of a Community Health Needs Assessment Process (June 2013) , Sara Rosenbaum, JD, The George Washington University School of Public Health and Health Services, Department of Health Policy.
Background on CHNA
- Logic models for community health improvement: current and desired framework .
- Best Practices for Community Health Needs Assessment and Implementation Strategy Development: archived webcasts from 2011 CDC public forum; PHI proceedings from CDC 2011 public forum
- World Health Organization Collaborating Centre for Community Health and Development at the University of Kansas: Recommended Practices for Enhancing Community Health Improvement