STEP BY STEP GUIDE, TEMPLATES AND SAMPLE DOCUMENTS
The Iowa Department of Public Health offers the majority of these resources on their website, and we have included IDPH’s Guides as well as additional resources and templates for your use here.
Step 1: Adopt a Planning Structure
- Community Commons
- CHNA.org – The CHNA Toolkit
- Principles of Community Engagement (2nd ed.)
- Community Health Improvement Resources (from Missouri Department of Health and Senior Services)
- ASTHO State Health Improvement Plan (SHIP) Guidance
- Mobilizing for Action through Planning and Partnerships (MAPP)
- Institute of Medicine Video: Primary Care + Public Health in the Community
Step 2: Identify & Engage Stakeholders as Partners
Stakeholder Engagement Resource SAMPLES
- Press Release SAMPLE 2015 Community Health Survey for Stakeholders
- Community Health Survey Distribution Checklist SAMPLE
- CHNA-HIP Survey Webpage Post SAMPLE
Step 3: Identify & Secure Resources
- Community Food Systems: A Primer for Local Public Health Agencies.
- Community Food Systems Assessment & Planning Toolkit for Local Public Health Agencies
- Disability Services by County (Adair – Fremont)
- Disability Services by County (Greene – Muscatine)
- Disability Services by County (O’Brien – Wright)
- Iowans Fit for Life Resource List
Step 4: Identify Data that Describes Community Health Status & Needs
- Identify Data Describing Community Health Status & Needs
- County Health Data Resources
- Identify Community Health Assets
- SWOT Worksheet
- Community Survey Template
- Survey Monkey (FREE) https://www.surveymonkey.com/
- Leading Health Indicators—Healthy People 2020
- Health Indicators Warehouse
- MMWR Health Disparities and Inequalities Report
- Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System
- Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System
- County Health Rankings
- National Environmental Public Health Tracking Network
- Uniform Data System (UDS) Mapper
County Data Links from IDPH
- Cancer Iowa-Specific Cancer Rates by County
- State Cancer Profiles: Dynamic views of cancer statistics for the nation, states, and counties.
- CHNA.org: a free web-based platform that combines a broad array of publicly available data into one site to assist with community health needs assessments.
- Community Health Status Indicators (CHSI 2015): County health profiles developed by CDC with 42 key indicators of health outcomes for describing the health status of a county and related to the social and physical environment.
- County Health Rankings
- Disability in Iowa Public Health Needs Assessment: An assessment of the burden of disability in Iowa.
- Environmental Health: Data by County/Location from the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
- Falls in Iowa (2009-2013) by County: Check out this report at the bottom of the IDPH Falls Prevention for Iowa homepage.
- Health Indicators Warehouse: A single source for national, state, and community data developed by the National Center for Health Statistics.
- Health Professional Shortage Areas by State & County: Find Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA)-designated state and county shortage areas of primary medical care, dental, or mental health providers (see search instructions).
- Iowa Health Fact Book
- Iowa Kids Count: Trends in the well-being of Iowa children.
- Iowa Public Health Tracking
- Environmental Health Content
- Health Effects Content
- County Health Snapshots
- Prenatal Care: Data from the Iowa Barriers to Prenatal Care Project.
- Sexual Health: County adolescent sexual health fact sheets from Eyes Open Iowa.
- Substance Use and Abuse: Adult and youth data and trends on consumption and consequences for alcohol, tobacco, and other drugs. Includes Iowa Youth Survey, BRFSS, and Treatment Admissions (2014 Iowa Youth Survey data by county to be released June 2015).
- U.S. Census Bureau State & County QuickFacts: Fast, easy access to facts about all states and counties, and for cities and towns with more than 5,000 people.
- BRFSS Data by County (2008-2013)
Maps of Health Needs by Iowa Public Health Focus Area
Nutrition and Weight Status: HP 2020 Category that includes needs relating to nutrition, obesity, and the overweight population.
Family Planning and Education: Includes needs in family planning, reproductive health, and responsible sexual behavior education.
Mental Health: Includes needs relating to mental illnesses, emotional and mental well being, and needs relating to specific disorders. This crosses over with Health Infrastructure as it includes needs such as a lack of mental health providers, limited availability of services, and the ability to meet mental health needs.
Lead Poisoning: Includes needs related to childhood lead poisoning, screening, and lead abatement.
Water Quality: Includes needs relating to drinking water, surface water, septic infrastructure, and well testing and capping.
Child Abuse and Child Safety: Includes needs related to intentional violence against children, physical abuse, and child safety.
Motor Vehicle Accidents: Includes needs relating to motor vehicle accident prevention, fatalities, operating vehicles while intoxicated, and distracted driving.
STD, HIV/AIDS: Includes needs related to sexual health, sexually transmitted diseases, and HIV/AIDS diagnoses and treatment.
Immunization: Includes needs in childhood immunizations, adult immunizations, and multicultural health immunization.
Network Infrastructure and Communication: Includes needs related to narrow band radio conversion, communication plans, and other infrastructure needs.
Personnel and Volunteers: Includes needs related to lack of volunteers, human resource capacity, and training of staff in emergency response.
Access to Health Services-Transportation: Includes needs pertaining to lack of transportation and its impact on health care access.
Access to Health Services-Insurance: Includes needs of lack of insurance, the underinsured, or access to health insurance.
Step 5: Analyze the Data & Develop a CHNA Summary
Step 6: Review Factors that are Important for Health & Well-Being (Priority Setting)
Step 7: Document Stakeholder Discussion & Invite Broader Community Participation & Input
- Document Key Points of Stakeholder Discussion & Invite Broader Community Participation & Input
- Stakeholder Meeting Record Worksheet
Step 8: Develop the Action Plan/Health Improvement Plan (HIP)
- Develop the Action Plan/Health Improvement Plan (HIP)
- Identifying Goals Objectives Strategies
- A Framework for Public Health Action
- County Health Rankings and Roadmaps ACTION CENTER – What works for health Each step on the Action Cycle is a critical piece of making communities healthier. There is a guide for each step that describes key activities within each step and provides suggested tools, resources, and additional reading. You can start at Assess or enter the cycle at any step. Work Together and Communicate sit outside because they are needed throughout the Cycle. At the core of the Action Cycle are people from all walks of life because we know we can make our communities healthier if we all get involved. Roadmaps to Health Coaching is available to provide local leaders with direct support in using Action Center tools and guidance to advance health.
- Community Tool Box: University of Kansas resource provides tips and tools for taking action in communities.
- Diet, Obesity, and Weight Stigma Reports and Policy Briefs: The Rudd Center, Yale University clearinghouse for resources related to nutrition and obesity.
- Diet, Obesity, and Weight: Recommended Community Strategies and Measurements to Prevent Obesity – CDC’s comprehensive recommendations to promote healthy eating and active living and reduce the prevalence of obesity.
- Disability Resources Database: A free information and referral service for Iowans with disabilities and their families and service providers. Provides information over the phone or by email about agencies and organizations that serve Iowans with disabilities.
- Healthy People 2020: Get started implementing Healthy People 2020 in your community with tools and resources for planning a successful public health intervention. Whether you are new to the field or just brushing up on your knowledge, the Program Planning section of Tools & Resources walks you through the basics of planning, implementing, and tracking your public health program.
- Population Health Driver Diagram: Steps to achieve health objectives using a tree diagram framework.
- Primary Care & Public Health Integration: A 13-Minute Video Resource from the Institute of Medicine (IoM).
- Sexual Health Education Toolkit: Videos, community resources, lesson plans, and fact sheets to promote wellness developed by the Sexual Health Alliance of Linn and Johnson Counties.
- What Works for Health: Comprehensive information from the County Health Rankings initiative to help communities select and implement evidence-informed policies, programs, and systems change. The identified policies and programs are organized by specific health factors of interest (e.g., alcohol use under “Health Behaviors,” access to care under “Clinical Care,” community safety under “Social and Economic Factors,” etc.), or by the primary user (e.g., by community leader, health care professional, government official, educator).
Step 9: Implement, Track Progress, & Sustain the Process
Step 10: Establish & Implement a Communication Plan
Step 11: Evaluate Goals, Objectives, Strategies, & the Communication Plan
IDPH CHNA & HIP Reporting Tool (with instructions)
** Revised February 13, 2015 **